2017年翻译考试中级口译模拟真题答案

发布时间:2017-01-16 00:00:00 编辑:嘉辉 手机版

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  SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST

  Part A: Spot Dictation

  【答案】

  1. popularity 11. press buttons

  2. simply to reduce 12. The Amount to be Withdrawn

  3. suspect 13. verify

  4. round-the-clock 14. work on the request

  5. plastic card 15. personal ID number

  6. offer ATM service 16. without authorization

  7. transaction 17. ask you to try again

  8. machine's keypad 18. keep the card

  9. four or six digits 19. card theft

  10. display screen 20. in a single day

  Part B: Listening Comprehension

  1. Statements

  1.

  【原文】Up to now, none of the candidates who applied for the position has the required credentials. We'd better let our ad in the Help-Wanted Section run for more weeks.

  【预测】划出每个选项的关键词:A)not one qualified; B)nobody applied; C)only one applied; D)interviewed nine,显然话题是应聘、面试。B)、C)项矛盾,可能有一个成立。A)中的qualified应该是关注的重点,此选项的内容在深度上高于其他3个注重数字的选项。

  【解析】答案为A)。听力的重点在前半句:none of the candidates who applied说明B)、C)错。D)中的nine是对none的混淆,也不对。none...has required credentials与A)中的not qualified相符合。

  【注释】credentials:证件,关于某人可以相信、信任或具有权力的证件或证明书。Help-Wanted Section:(报纸上的)求助、招聘版。run an ad:做广告。

  2.

  【原文】Originally Florence was only asked to make some introductory remarks, but she ended up giving a speech herself when the speaker came down with the flu.

  【预测】划出每个选项的关键词,判断话题显然是speech,并涉及到introduce remarks(介绍辞),选项中有一个混淆点:是Florence还是speaker作了演讲?听时特别注意判断这个问题。

  【解析】答案为B)。前半句讲的是originally(原本的)情况:Florence致介绍辞,后半句的but转折必然是重点:end up giving a speech(最终作了演讲),原因是speaker came down with flu(得了流感病倒了)。句子提供的信息与B)相符。

  【注释】end up doing sth:以(没有预期到的结果)告终。come down with (disease):病倒了。

  3.

  【原文】You know what? I've got to finish that evaluation report for the board meeting next week. A 10-page report within the week! There goes my social life this weekend.

  【预测】读题划关键词,每个选项均有一个不同的动宾词组:finish report; hate to join social activities; work extra time; not attend board meeting。听力时判断整句的主题最为重要。

  【解析】答案为C)。此题的干扰项中出现原句中的不少关键词汇,但正确的选项却是根据说话者的语气推理出来的:前两句说到report的长度和时限,后半句说道:周末的社交生活又泡汤了!由此可推出work extra time这个信息,故选C)。

  【注释】There goes...:losing sth/opportunity/money as a result of sth that has just happened。例如:There go our chances of winning the championship!赢得冠军的机会又泡汤了!

  4.

  【原文】The director is kind of busy now and has no time to read over your proposal. How about dropping in tomorrow morning to see if I have something definite?

  【预测】四个选项中出现的关键词频率最高的是:director, proposal,四个选项似乎牵涉到三个主题,听时注意主语和动词的判断,以确定主题。

  【解析】答案为A)。答案根据前半句判断,它所表达的意思即:主管太忙了没时间读一遍你的计划,read over和A)中的attend to(关注)信息相符。后半句给出一个建议:明天再来看看有什么确切的消息(something definite)。显然讲话者是主管的助手或秘书。此题的干扰项B)中的错误在于help you read一词,不合逻辑。

  【注释】proposal:提议,建议。kind of busy:有点忙,口语中常用到kind of, 表示有一点。

  5.

  【原文】We don't have enough information for our financial plan, but it is due tomorrow. So I'm afraid we'll just have to make do with what we have got..

  【预测】读题划关键词,发现B)、C)、D)均牵涉到时间状语的辨析,而A)中的ask for more time 也与时间有关,听时关注原句中的时间信息。

  【解析】答案为D)。原句中与时间相关的信息:it is due tomorrow,并且整句并未提到要求延期的信息,later than expected及ask for more time均可排除。所以选D)。

  【注释】have do with sth:将就着用,凑和着用。例:I haven't got any cream, so we will have to make do with milk.

  6.

  【原文】Americans use a variety of strategies to avoid silence. They keep on talking, especially during business negotiations. Because they think that silence makes a bad impression.

  【预测】划出每个选项的关键词,A)核心词:talk too much,bad impression;B)核心词:silence, uncomfortable;C)核心词:keep silent, employ strategy;D)核心词:aggressive。四个选项均与Americans在business negotiation方面的行为/态度相关。

  【解析】答案为B)。前半句清楚地指出:Americans avoid silence,选项A)、C)可以排除。后半句的keep on talking和silence makes a bad impression均进一步指出美国人在谈生意时的态度,但没有达到D)中aggressive(好争吵的、有决心成功的)那样的程度。故选A)。

  【注释】a variety of strategies:各种策略。employ:动词,正式用法,使用。例:He employs a special teaching method in the classroom.

  7.

  【原文】We have enjoyed a relationship with China for more than half a century. But I do not believe there has ever been a more exciting time to do business here.

  【预测】四个选项的信息量很大,快速浏览,发现A)、C)、D)三个选项中均有表达转折的词:though;despite, 而B)则是虚拟语气:could have done more business, 所以在听原句时关注语气:是虚拟还是转折?判断语气后,若能排除虚拟,再根据A)、C)、D)中的关键词:best time; unable to start business; need to find a better time来确定答案。

  【解析】答案为A)。这题较难,是一道推理题。听到But时,确定转折语气,按听力的原则,but带出的句子往往是考点所在:我觉得之前在这里没有更好的做生意的时机。暗示的意思就是:现在是最佳时机。

  【注释】I do not believe there has ever been a more exciting time to do business here.=I believe there has never been a more exciting time to do business here。

  8.

  【原文】I've already mentioned to the director about the signing of the agreement three times this month. Each time he said he was ready, but nothing happens.

  【预测】每个选项的动词不同而主语和宾语相同:A)already sign; B)read 3 times; C)can't sign; D)not ready to sign。听时尤其注意动词的辨析。

  【解析】答案为D)。此题也是一道推理题。整个句子描述了一个情节:mention the signing of agreement?said he was ready?nothing happens。也就是说,说好签却没有签。

  【注释】略。

  9.

  【原文】We are a new and growing firm in the area. And we're willing to do our best to attract customers away from our competitors with more favorable terms.

  【预测】四个选项均是因果关系。划出关键词:A)not compete, since just started; B)want more customers, so make more offers; C)unable to provide best service, because no competitive advantage; D)merge competitors, as growing。

  【解析】答案为B)。句子的后半句是理解关键:attract customers away from our competitors (把顾客从竞争对手那里吸引过来),凭什么条件?more favorable terms(更加优惠的条件)。

  【注释】terms pl)条件,例如:We are trying to negotiate the loan on favorable terms.(我们正在协商,力争以更优惠的条件获取贷款)。 merge our competitors:合并我们的竞争者。

  10.

  【原文】Compared to a meat-centered diet, meatless meals can easily supply all the essential nutrients our body requires, and cost only 20 to 30% as much.

  【预测】划出关键词,按常识可以排除B)。判断句子的主题是有肉/无肉的饮食对身体是否有益。

  【解析】答案为C)。理解的重点在后半句:supply all the essential nutrients,与C)中的equally nutritious相符;cost only 20% to 30% as much与less expensive相符。

  【注释】meat-centered diet:以肉为中心的饮食。essential nutrients:必要的营养物质。(补充:素食者:vegetarian;veggie(口语))。

  2. Talks and Conversations

  Questions 11-14

  【原文】

  M: By the way, Christina, when is Nancy going to leave for New York?

  W: She is already gone. She left last Friday.

  M: The office won't seem the same without her. But we certainly gave her a great farewell party.

  W: Yes, but was it really a surprise?

  M: Well, I think so. Didn't you ask everyone not to say anything about the party?

  W: Of course I did. But I think somebody gave the surprise away.

  M: Who would do anything like that?

  W: Mrs. Sampson might. You know she can't keep a secret. And she and Nancy are such good friends.

  M: Didn't you warn her to be careful about what she said?

  W: I told her not to say a word.

  M: Well, surprise or not, I'm sure Nancy had a good time. She was smiling and laughing all evening.

  W: And crying a little too. She asked everyone to come and visit her in New York.

  M: And everyone was asking her to write or to call, or best of all, to come back.

  W: We're all going to miss her. Just about everybody in the office working for Nancy in the correspondence section.

  M: Yes, and she is a true friend and always tries to help everyone.

  W: It won't be too long before I see her again. I'm going to New York next month. And she invited me to stay with her.

  M: That'll be wonderful. Anyway, she's still working with the same company. So I'm sure we'll get to talk to each other on the phone pretty often.

  【大意】 这个对话发生在两个同事之间。办公室的一个同事Nancy走了,他们都觉得Nancy是一个很不错的人,在她走之前同事们还给她举行了欢送派对,不过有人事先走漏了风声,把这个"惊喜"事先告诉了她。Nancy将去纽约工作,还在同一家公司,所以他们仍能保持联系。女士还准备了下个月去纽约看她。

  【解析】

  11. What happened to Nancy?

  答案为C)。推理题。对话开头提到:when is Nancy going to leave for New York?说她要走,但没有讲原因。到对话结尾处提到:she's still working with the same company.点出了她其实是transfer(调走)了。

  12. What did her colleagues do for her?

  答案为B)。细节题。对话开头即提到we certainly gave her a great farewell party。

  13. Which of the following is not true about Mrs. Sampson?

  答案为A)。细节题。出处为W: Mrs. Sampson might. You know she can't keep a secret. And she and Nancy are such good friends. M: Didn't you warn her to be careful about what she said? W: I told her not to say a word. 听到这部分对话时可以在B)、C)、D)旁打勾。而听到对话结尾时也不应忽略女士所说的I'm going to New York next month. And she invited me to stay with her,应在A)旁做好相应的笔记,这样才能确保答题时万无一失。

  14. According to the conversation, who is going to New York the following month?

  答案为D)。细节题。女士在结尾说I'm going to New York next month. And she invited me to stay with her.而在对话开头寒暄时,男士称女士为Christina。故选D)。

  Questions 15-18

  【原文】

  American businessmen frequently use social situations to make business deals. One of the best examples of this practice is the business lunch. Therefore, knowing how to conduct yourself at business lunch is often just as important as the business discussion.

  For formal business lunches, it is wise to phone at least 1 day ahead to reserve a table. After you have been seated and given a menu, your waiter will come and ask if you would like to order anything to drink. Nowadays, it is quite acceptable to order a mineral water, a soda, or fruit juice, apart from wine or a mixed drink. After he has taken your beverage order, your waiter will leave you to make your food selection from the menu you have been given. It is the host's responsibility to discover whether or not his guests have any special dietary restrictions. If, however, a host does not do that, a guest should not announce his dietary practices to everyone at the table. Instead, he should discreetly ask the waiter about the ingredients of any dish in question. He should also have in mind a second dish he might order, just in case. Usually, the host will allow his guests to order first. Occasionally, a host may collect orders ahead of time and place them himself.

  Napkins should be placed on your lap, and used periodically to wipe the corners of your mouth, especially when you are eating soup, salad with dressing, or an entrée in a sauce. When you finish the meal, the napkin is then placed on the table beside the plate.

  【大意】商业午餐是美国商人用来谈生意的重要手段之一。本文介绍了美国商业午餐的习俗,比如该如何点饮料,如何点主菜,作为主人和客人分别应怎样做才算礼貌。文末还具体的讲述了餐巾的使用方法。

  【解析】

  15. Which of the following is recommended for a formal business lunch?

  答案为B)。细节题。出处为For formal business lunches, it is wise to phone at least 1 day ahead to reserve a table。

  16. After being seated and given a menu, what are you supposed to order first?

  答案为D)。细节题。出处为After you have been seated and given a menu, your waiter will come and ask if you would like to order anything to drink。

  17. What should you do if you've got any dietary restrictions?

  答案为A)。细节题。对于下述这句话It is the host's responsibility to discover whether or not his guests have any special dietary restrictions(饮食禁忌). If, however, a host does not do that, a guest should not announce his dietary practices to everyone at the table. Instead, he should discreetly(慎重地) ask the waiter about the ingredients(成分) of any dish in question. He should also have in mind a second dish he might order, just in case正确理解,可以排除错误选项。

  18. According to the talk, where should you put the napkin when you finish the meal?

  答案为D)。细节题。文章的最后一句话When you finish the meal, the napkin is then placed on the table beside the plate正是答案所在。

  Questions 19-22

  【原文】

  M: Good evening, Madam. What can I do for you?

  W: The name is McDonald. We've booked two double rooms for a week.

  M: Let me see. I'm afraid there's been a mistake, Madam. Look, you've booked for next week.

  W: Oh, lord. I shouldn't have let my mom do the booking for us. Haven't you any room free at all?

  M: At this time of the year? In August, Madam? I'm terribly sorry, but the whole town's booked out. I'm afraid you won't find a room anywhere.

  W: Not even a bed and breakfast place?

  M: You might possibly find a farm if you went inland.

  W: We want to be by the sea because of the children. They especially like to build sand castles.

  M: Then I don't know what to suggest. There's a caravan park two miles along the coast. But I'm sure it's full. Or there's a Butlan's holiday camp.

  W: No, thank you. We want some peace and quiet. Is there anywhere we can get a meal? We want to have our supper.

  M: At this hour, it's already night o'clock. You could try the next town. The restaurants will be closed, but there are one or two snack bars.

  W: We've been twelve hours on the road. There were queues five miles long in places. The children are dead tired.

  M: Well, I'm sure we can do something for the children. They can sleep on the sofas in the lounge. But I'm afraid, I can't help you and your husband.

  W: Oh, don't worry about us. We can sleep in the car. Cheer up dear. The drive home won't be so bad. There won't be nearly so much traffic going back to London.

  【大意】这个对话发生在宾馆的前台接待和一名女旅客之间。一对夫妇带着孩子经过长途跋涉从伦敦赶到了这个宾馆所在的海边小镇,却发现房间预订错了时间,而在度假旺季整个小镇根本已无可供食宿之处。最终的决定是:让孩子们在宾馆休息室沙发过夜,夫妇俩回车上睡觉,第二天打道回府。

  【解析】

  19. Where's the conversation most probably taking place?

  答案为C)。推理题。从对话开头的一问一答就可以推理出双方的关系:M: Good evening, Madam. What can I do for you? W: The name is McDonald. We've booked two double rooms for a week。显然是在宾馆前台的一个对话。

  20. Why didn't the women and children check in?

  答案为B)。细节题。出处是男士说的一句话Let me see. I'm afraid there's been a mistake, Madam. Look, you've booked for next week。

  21. What's the reason that makes the woman choose to spend holiday by the sea?

  答案为D)。细节题。出处为We want to be by the sea because of the children. They especially like to build sand castles(孩子们爱搭沙堡)。

  22. Where would children sleep according to the conversation?

  答案为B)。细节题。对话快要结束时男士提出了这个解决方案:Well, I'm sure we can do something for the children. They can sleep on the sofas in the lounge。

  Questions 23-26

  【原文】

  Have you ever heard of bungee jumping? It is a rather thrilling and breath-taking sport of leaping from a high place with a rubber band tied around some part of one's body. The places you jump from can be a bridge, crane, tower, or even a cliff.

  As we already know, the modern day bungee was started in England by Oxford Dangerous Sports Club. It was later commercialized most successfully in New Zealand, although the name of the sport was changed into "bungy", instead of "bungee". Now it becomes more and more popular in other European countries, as well as in the United States and Japan, in particular, among young people who are looking for thrill and excitement.

  There are several ways to jump. The most common ways to attach yourself to the rubber band are by using a body harness, or a leg harness, that is, to tie the rubber band to your body, or to tie the rubber band to your legs only. If you're jumping with just a body harness, you are afforded quite a bit of freedom to move around. Your arms and legs are free to move around. The rubber band will be attached to a point close to your belly. As you jump, you can do many flips on the way down. If you're jumping with a leg harness, either one of your legs or both of your legs, will be tied to the rubber band. The leg harness can really give you the feeling of flying. And it is especially favored for watcher touchdowns, and swallow dives. You take a light slip away from the platform of a high place. Your arms stretched out wide, and soar like a bird down towards the earth.

  One more thing, if you intend to try bungee jumping, most countries require that you be over the age of 18, and join a bungee jumping club, or be properly and duly instructed for the sport.

  【大意】本文讲述了蹦极这一极限运动的形式、起源、方式和参加条件。蹦极者用橡皮筋绑住身体的一部分从高处往下跳。这一活动起源于牛津极限运动俱乐部,然后在新西兰得到成功的商业化发展。蹦极的方法主要有两种:用橡皮筋绑住身体或绑住腿。前者的绑法令你在跳的时候手脚自由,而后者能带给你飞翔的感觉。参加的要求是年龄在18岁以上,参加相关的俱乐部或受过正规的指导。

  【解析】

  23. Where was bungee jumping started?

  答案为C)。细节题,出处为As we already know, the modern day bungee was started in England by Oxford Dangerous Sports Club。

  24 Why are young people today especially interested in the sport of bungee jumping?

  答案为A)。细节题,文中提到among young people who are looking for thrill and excitement。

  25. According to the talk, which way of jumping can give you the feeling of flying like a bird?

  答案为D)。细节题。出处是The leg harness can really give you the feeling of flying.

  26. Which of the following is not required in taking up the sport of bungee jumping?

  答案为D)。推理题。从One more thing, if you intend to try bungee jumping, most countries require that you be over the age of 18, and join a bungee jumping club, or be properly and duly instructed for the sport这句知道参加的条件,那么没提到的就是答案。

  Questions 27-30

  【原文】

  M: Patricia, You are now a third year college student at the end of your second term. What are you doing recently?

  W: I'm doing comparative literature. At the moment, I'm comparing English, French and Russian novels. We write papers on our work. And then about 10 of us meet with our professor and read them and discuss them.

  M: Is this what you call the seminar system in the universities?

  W: Yes. And it works, because we get on well with the professors and lecturers. Some of them are much older than us. And they don't mind at all if we disagree with them.

  M: You are lucky. When I was a college student, we had classes. But we hardly ever ask questions or discussed anything. It was partly our fault. We were a dull lot, but so were the professors. They didn't seem to be able to do anything but lecture. Besides, the course itself was so out of date, so were the textbooks. I think students ought to have a say in planning and changing their programs of study.

  W: Things have changed a lot since then. Many universities nowadays are experimenting with new ideas and new subjects.

  M: I can remember worrying about examinations all day long, especially during this time of the year. At that time, everything depended on how well a student does in his finals at the end of his academic year. The uncertainties were surely a great strain on us.

  W: Well. We don't. find so great a strain now. We have final exams though. But we also get marks for the work we do during our three years at university. These marks will count with degree. Then we will play an important part in deciding whether we get first, second or third class honors.

  M: I said you are lucky. You surely are.

  【大意】这个对话对比了现在和过去的大学教育。女士比男士年轻,她在读大三,正在进行比较文学研究,采纳的是"研讨会体系",这令男士颇为羡慕,因为在他上大学时,课程老套,老师只会上课,学生只懂听课而不会提问,一切成绩取决于期末考试。相比之下,现在的大学有很多新的理念和课程,评价体系也大为改变。

  【解析】

  27. What subject is the woman doing recently?

  答案是C)。细节题。女士在对话开头就提到I'm doing comparative literature。

  28. According to the conversation, what is a seminar?

  答案B)。推理题。对话中女士先提到We write papers on our work. And then about 10 of us meet with our professor and read them and discuss them,然后男士又补充一句Is this what you call the seminar system in the universities?,女士给出了肯定回答。

  29. What does the man think of the professors at his university?

  答案是A)。细节题。男士抱怨过去的大学教育时说道We were a dull lot, but so were the professors(我们当时很无趣,可教授们也是这样)。

  30. What made the man worry at the end of each academic year?

  答案是C)。细节题。出处为I can remember worrying about the examinations all day long, especially during this time of the year。

  Part C: Listening and Translation

  1. Sentence Translation

  (1) If the price of fuel continues to be increasing as the result of global oil shortage, countries all over the world, including the oil-producing ones, will suffer.

  【关键词汇】global oil shortage(全球石油危机)。oil-producing(产油的)。

  【辨音难点】注意price of fuel中的fuel一词发音不要与few混淆。

  【解 析】难点:背景知识。这句句子除了上面提到的一个发音难点之外,并无生词,如果考生对于石油危机的背景知识比较熟悉,这个话题应该比较容易把握,因为其中的因果关系是我们耳熟能详的,只需稍加理解,便不难写出整句。常见的问题是对于including the oil-producing ones这个词组反应较慢。

  【参考译文】如果能源价格由于全球石油短缺而不断攀升,世界各国,包括产油国,都会遭受损失。

  (2) Physical fitness is the result of many factors, good medical care, proper nutrition, adequate rest and relaxation, and sensible personal habits, plus one very essential factor, regular physical exercise.

  【关键词汇】physical fitness(身体健康)。proper nutrition(适当的营养)。adequate rest(足够的休息)。sensible(明智的)。

  【辨音难点】句子开头的fitness一词读音较为模糊。

  【解 析】难点:修饰词的堆砌。本段是典型的对数条列举进行笔记,注意在笔记时不妨抛开good, proper, adequate, sensible等修饰词,重点记录medical care, nutrition, rest, personal habits等实词,在写下译文的过程中合理补足就可以了。

  【参考译文】身体健康由很多因素决定,包括医疗条件良好,营养适当,休息放松充足,个人习惯合理等,加上非常重要的一条,定期进行锻炼。

  (3) The university says it doesn't have enough money to offer the courses we want to take. Meanwhile, it announces it can afford 2.5 million dollars to build a new gymnasium. I really can't figure it out.

  【关键词汇】gymnasium(体育馆)。figure out(搞明白)。

  【辨音难点】can afford连读。

  【解 析】难点:句子的长度,数字。首句比较好译,但有些考生记不下we want to take这个定语从句,碰到这种情况,可以果断放弃修饰语的翻译以保全后句。后半句注意meanwhile一句隐含的转折/对比含义,并且能把后半句的2.5 million和gymnasium两个细节听清楚。这样一来,简单的逻辑判断都能帮助我们译出整个句子的大意。

  【参考译文】大学声称没有足够的资金开设我们要选修的课程,但与此同时它又宣布有资金建一个造价250万美元的体育馆。对此我实在弄不明白。

  (4) The world is growing smaller each day. Globalization, information revolution, and communication have made our planet earth more closely-knit for the people who live on it.

  【关键词汇】globalization(全球化)。Revolution(革命)。 closely-knit(紧密结合)。

  【辨音难点】对于大多数考生来说closely-knit一词听不懂。

  【解 析】难点:三个名词的列举,词汇。关键词Globalization, information revolution, and communication的记录可以记首音节,以减少大脑的负荷。整句唯一的难词closely-knit可以通过上下文,结合more开头,充分利用closely本身意思确定大意。

  【参考译文】世界每天都在变小。全球化、信息革命和通信交流使居住在这个星球的人们更紧密地联系在一起。

  (5) To be successful, managers of international companies cannot just sit back and wait for things to happen. Rather, they should be active in their approach to challenges and opportunities.

  【关键词汇】sit back and wait for things to happen(坐等事情发生)。rather(相反地)。approach to(处理的方法)。

  【辨音难点】rather的辨音,听出此词对于转折关系的理解颇为重要。active一词读得较快。

  【解 析】难点:句子的语言组织。词汇要求不高,但对组句有一定要求,比如cannot just sit back and wait for things to happen以及be active in their approach to challenges and opportunities不用严格按照原文,逐字译会很啰嗦。果断,永远是口译考试和实际口译的必备素质。

  【参考译文】要想获得成功,跨国公司的经理们不能坐等,而是应该主动采取措施,应对机遇与挑战。

  2. Passage Translation

  (1) Nowadays, more and more young couples prefer not to have a child immediately after their marriage. What explains this trend toward delayed childbearing? First, the increasing divorce rate is making many newly-weds think twice about starting a family right away. Second, many young couples want to be more financially secure before having a baby. Finally, more married women prefer to devote time to their career. They think that being pregnant and caring for a child will make them less competitive in today's rapidly changing world.

  【关键词汇】delayed childbearing(延迟分娩)。newly-weds(新婚者)。financially secure(经济上稳定,财务上安全)。

  【解 析】这是一个比较容易把握的话题。昂立最新模考中曾出现关于现代社会中婚姻,包括离婚,对年轻人的影响。本篇难度一般,first, second, finally分类清晰,属于中高口中常考的句型。考生可能出现问题的地方就是词汇,如上述关键词汇所列。

  【辨音难点】newly-weds一词因为不熟悉而可能出现听力障碍。devote time连读。

  【参考译文】现如今,越来越多的年轻夫妇不愿意在婚后马上要孩子。究竟什么导致了这种推迟生育的趋势呢?首先,离婚率的上升,使很多新婚夫妇在马上要孩子之前会考虑更周全。第二,很多年轻夫妇想在要孩子前经济上更稳定。最后一点,更多的已婚女性愿意把时间花在事业上。她们认为,如果怀孕或者有个孩子要照顾,会削弱她们在当今日新月异的世界中的竞争力。

  (2) In continuing education, courses for adults may be vocational or recreational. That is, they may be related to a person's job, or taken purely for interest and pleasure. In Britain today, there are several million fulltime and part-time students at further education colleges and evening institutes, their ages ranging between 16 and 80. Some of them take specialist courses in their particular skill and work for a diploma. Others just go back to school and study general subjects like English, math, and history.

  【关键词汇】vocational(职业的)。taken purely for interest and pleasure(纯粹出于兴趣和娱乐而参与)。evening institutes(夜校)。range(动词,范围是......)。specialist(专门技能,专家)。

  【解 析】难点:词汇。首句关键词vocational or recreational决定了下面几句分别讨论了这两种课程的不同定义和特点,如果能快速反应,极大地有助于掌握全文。接下来的一句中taken purely for interest and pleasure中的动词在发音上给考生带来比较大的困难,但此句把握好interest和pleasure基本能译出大意。最后两句的some...others...因为结构比较清楚而容易翻译。中级口译的段落翻译一般难度本身不大,考生要注意的还是边听边记,包括笔记和脑记的协调问题。

  【辨音难点】taken purely的连读;specialist听成special;for diploma的连读。

  【参考译文】继续教育向成人开设的课程有两种,职业课程和休闲娱乐课程,即要么和某人工作相关,要么纯粹出于兴趣和娱乐。如今在英国,有数百万全日制和业余制的学生在继续教育学院和夜校学习,年龄结构从16到80岁不等。其中部分选择一些加强某项技能的专业课程,并为文凭而努力。还有人回到学校,学习英语、数学和历史等常见科目。

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